Notes

1 Journals of the Continental Congress, 17741789 (Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1905), 2:208.

2 The year of Neale’s grant is given according to the current, Gregorian calendar. Neale’s grant was dated February 17, 1691, under the old, Julian calendar.

3 William Goddard’s petition to the Continental Congress, September 29, 1774, in the collection of the National Postal Museum, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC.

4 Journals of the Continental Congress, 1774--1789 (Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1905), 2:57.

5 George Washington. George Washington to John Jay, July 18, 1788. Letter. From Library of Congress, The George Washington Papers at the Library of Congress, 17411799, Series 2: Letterbooks 17541799.
http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/gwhtml/gwhome.html (accessed February 25, 2003).

6 Ebenezer Hazard to Jeremy Belknap, September 27, 1789, in Collections of the Massachusetts Historical Society, Vol. III, Fifth Series (Boston, MA: Massachusetts Historical Society, 1877), 192.

7 Ebenezer Hazard to the Continental Congress, November 14, 1776, in American Archives, Series 5, Volume 3, 681 (New York, NY: Johnson Reprint Corporation, 1972) (originally by Peter Force, Washington, DC, 1853).

8 Ebenezer Hazard to Rev. John Witherspoon, November 14, 1776, in Ibid., 681682.

9 Benjamin Franklin was born on January 17, 1706, according to the current, Gregorian calendar. He was born on January 6, 1705, under the old, Julian calendar.

10 Carl Van Doren, Benjamin Franklin (New York, NY: The Viking Press, 1957), 782.

11 Benjamin P. Thomas, “Lincoln the Postmaster,” Bulletin of the Abraham Lincoln Association (Springfield, IL), No. 31, June 1933, 78.

12 Alexis de Tocqueville, Democracy in America, The Henry Reeve Text as Revised by Francis Bowen, Now Further Corrected and Edited with Introduction, Editorial Notes, and Bibliographies by Phillips Bradley (New York, NY: Alfred A. Knopf, 1993), 1:317.

13 U.S. Post Office Department, History of the Railway Mail Service; A Chapter in the History of Postal Affairs in the United States (Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1885), 28.

14 Ibid., 41.

15 Public Statutes at Large of the United States of America from the Organization of the Government in 1789, to March 3, 1845, Volume V (Boston, MA: Charles C. Little and James Brown, 1850), 738.

16 U.S. Post Office Department, Proposals for Carrying the Mail in Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and Connecticut (Washington, DC: C. Alexander, Printer, 1853), 164-166.

17 Annual Report of the Postmaster General, 1859, 16.

18 Ibid., 1860, 2.

19 Circa 1930 U.S. Post Office Department memorandum, files, USPS Historian.

20 Marshall Cushing, The Story of Our Post Office (Boston, MA: A.M. Thayer & Co., Publishers, 1893), 4041.

21 Congressional Record -- House (80th Congress, 2nd Session), June 3, 1948, Vol. 94, Part 6, 7104.

22 Annual Report of the Postmaster General, 1862, 32.

23 U.S. Post Office Department, Supervision of City Delivery Service (Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1930), 8.

24 Committee Chairman Edwin A. Neiss to Postmaster General Will H. Hays, Aug. 24, 1921, vertical files, USPS Corporate Library.

25 Annual Report of the Postmaster General, 1891, 84.

26 Ibid., 86.

27 Ibid., 1892, 1112.

28 Ibid., 1902, 129.

29 Ibid., 1897, 112114.

30 Ibid., 1901, 122. Locks on rural mailboxes have always been optional; initially carriers used master keys to open locked boxes. Since May 28, 1981, rural carriers have delivered mail into locked boxes through slots.

31 Ibid., 1902, 101.

32 Ibid., 1929, 26.

33 Ibid., 1873, XXVIXXVII.

34 The weight limit for parcels going to nearby addresses was increased to 20 pounds on August 15, 1913, and on January 1, 1914, the weight limits were increased to 50 pounds for parcels to nearby addresses and 20 pounds for parcels traveling further. On July 1, 1915, the size limit was increased to 84 inches. Beginning on March 15, 1918, weight limits were increased to 70 pounds for parcels to nearby addresses and 50 pounds for parcels traveling further. The weight and size limits of all parcels, regardless of destination, were raised to 70 pounds and 100 inches on August 1, 1931.

35 Rita Lloyd Moroney, “Above and Beyond,” The Encyclopedia of Aviation and Space Sciences (Chicago: New Horizons Publishers, Inc., 1967), 77.

36 William C. Hopson to Second Assistant Postmaster General, April 11, 1921, Air Mail Service Personnel Files, Record Group 28, National Archives and Records Administration.

37 Hopson to Duard B. Colyer, Air Mail Service, September 4, 1920, Air Mail Service Personnel Files, Record Group 28, National Archives and Records Administration.

38 D. B. Colyer, News Letter. Week Ending September 26, 1925, Air Mail Service, Omaha, Nebraska, September 26, 1925, Record Group 28, National Archives and Records Administration.

39 Hopson to Colyer, May 1, 1925, Air Mail Service Personnel Files, Record Group 28, National Archives and Records Administration.

40 Franklin D. Roosevelt, “The Freedom of the Human Spirit Shall Go On,” Address at the Dedication of National Gallery of Art, March 17, 1941. From University of California, American Presidency Project. http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/index.php?pid=16091 (accessed February 5, 2007).

41 National Archives Microfilm Publication M1126, Post Office Department Reports of Site Locations, 18371950, Roll # 264, application to establish the Keyser’s Ridge Post Office in Allegany County, Maryland, dated February 23, 1850, on form printed in 1840s. The same language also appears on the application to establish the Pipe Creek, Bandera County, Texas, Post Office, dated August 26, 1873 (Ibid., Roll # 565).

42 Ibid., Roll # 580, application to establish the Burleson, Johnson County, Texas, Post Office, dated November 21, 1881.

43 Ibid., application to establish the Donald, Johnson County, Texas, Post Office, dated July 21, 1892.

44 First Report of the United States Board on Geographic Names, 1890-1891 (Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1892), 2.

45 U.S. House. Hearings, Committee on Appropriations. Subcommittee on Departments of Treasury and Post Office and Executive Office of the President. 90th Congress, 1st session, 27 February 1967 (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1967), 5.

46 Ibid., 27.

47 Murray Comarow, “Truly Reforming the Postal Service,” Mail: The Journal of Communication Distribution 9 (March 1997), 33.

48 United States Postal Service, Comprehensive Statement on Postal Operations, 1995, 28.

49 Postmaster General John E. Potter announced on November 15, 2006, that the Postal Service would reduce the time it takes a person to become eligible to appear on a stamp following death from ten years to five years, effective January 1, 2007.

50 David M. Walker, U.S. Postal Service: Financial Outlook and Transformation Challenges (GAO-01-733T, May 15, 2001), 2. Testimony. From United States General Accountability Office, Reports and Testimony. http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d01733t.pdf (accessed September 15, 2006).

51 USPS News Link, October 30, 2001, files, USPS Historian.

52 The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin (New York, NY: Washington Square Press, Inc., 1965), 160.

53 The Hugh Finlay Journal, Colonial Postal History, 1773-1774 ([s.l.]: U.S. Philatelic Classics Society, Inc., c1975), 1.

54 House Report No. 103, 23rd Congress, 2nd Session, “Examination of the Post Office Department,” February 13, 1835, 194; letter from Postmaster General William Barry, May 5, 1830, American State Papers: Post Office Department, 1:256.

55 Annual Report of the Postmaster General, 1843, 4.

56 “History of the Inspection Service,” Post Office Inspection Service Survey, 1954, August, 10-11, and September, 9-10.

57 The five Post Offices were located at Savannah, Georgia; Old Point Comfort, Virginia; Charleston, South Carolina; Mobile, Alabama; and Natchez, Mississippi.

58 Congressional Globe, Senate, 38th Congress, 2nd Session, 661 (1865).

59 The Statutes at Large, Treaties, and Proclamations, of the United States of America, from December 1863, to December 1865 (Boston, MA: Little, Brown and Company, 1866), 507.

60 P. H. Woodward, Guarding the Mails; Or, The Secret Service of the Post-Office Department … (Hartford, CT: J. P. Fitch, 1882), 442.

61 “Mail-Bag Mysteries: How our Country Cousins are ‘Taken in and Done for’ Some Ingenious Swindles,” The New-York Times, June 11, 1871, 6.

62 Ibid.

63 Woodward, 421-422.

64 Annual Report of the Postmaster General, 1879, 17.

65 “Says Poster Snare Got De Autremonts,” The New-York Times, July 6, 1927, 16. See also Ibid., April 24, 1927, XX4, and The Washington Post, September 23, 1928, M6.

66 Ponzi promised a 50 percent return on investments from profits made redeeming international reply coupons bought cheaply in war-torn Europe for their greater value in U.S. currency. He continued seeking investors even after he learned the coupons could not be redeemed for cash. Only his earliest investors profited, because they were paid from funds anted up by later investors.

67 Annual Report of the Postmaster General, 1967, 65.

68 United States Postal Inspection Service Annual Report, 1972, 14.

69 United States Postal Service Office of Inspector General, Five-Year Strategic Plan, FY 2004-2008. From Office of Inspector General. http://www.uspsoig.gov/sp_0408.pdf (accessed March 3, 2006).